These structures may be described as single surfaces or panels in the form of one of the classic hypars, barrel vaults, cones, panels with single or crossing arches - or a combination.
Larger fabric structures can also be made from several modules or panels of similar forms to build up a substantial sized structure. The multiple panels might be arranged in a linear layout, or in a circular or oval pattern commonly found in stadia roofs.
The LSAA has a Design Award Category for Large Structures which has been defined as being greater than 1000 sqm.
The following articles are in random order:
Panoli Gate - India
As a flagship development in the area Panoli needed a striking and unique entrance. MakMax’s Indian office was able to provide a prominent entrance structure to suit. The project, Panoli Gate House presented a new challenge for MakMax engineers. The large 1,300 sqm area required shade, weather protection, as well as a plan for collecting run off. Inspired by the design and functionality of the St Tropez products MakMax already produces as standard products, engineers decided to replicate this shape and function on a grand scale.
The inverted cone shape of the modular structure eliminates rain water run off by collecting all water through integrated concealed drains. The design allows all water collected to enter the supporting columns, from there it is either stored or eliminated below ground.
Large fabric structures have generally been thought of as those that have a fabric surface area greater than 1000 square metres.
Often large projects will be made up of multiple panels of fabric whose boundaries are defined structurally and geometrically by straight or curved elements such as arches, edge beams and cables. The prestress forces from adjacent panels often counterbalance and the more efficient structures have a larger degree of symmetry and continuity such as a complete "bicycle wheel" for the roof a major sports stadium.
and some more projects
Queensland State Velodrome
MakMax Australia (Engineer, Fabricator, Installer)
Location: Sleeman Sports Complex, Brisbane. Completed: August 2016
Team: Cox Rayner Architects, Tensys, Arup, MakMax Australia
Entrant: MakMax Australia
Category: 4 ID Number: 4302
Location: Brisbane Domestic Airport
Client: Brisbane Airport Corporation
Completion Date: June 2012
Others: Custom Cables
Builder: Liang O'Rourke Pty Ltd
Fabricator: MakMax Australia
APPLICATION OF PROJECT: Pedestrian bridge roof, open air.
This airport terminal access project involves the construction of a major pedestrian bridge linking a new multi-level car park and train platforms to the terminal building one of the country’s business airports.
This covered walkway project is part of a larger group of construction projects which serve to improve all pedestrian and vehicular traffic at the airport. Our client requested design, fabrication and installation of the tensioned membrane roof system. The purpose was purely weather protection for pedestrian traffic on new pedestrian access bridge.
Melbourne Sports & Aquatic Centre
Entrant: Taiyo Membrane Corp
Client: Major Projects Australia
Architect: Peddle Thorpe Architects
Structural Engineer: Xiang Du (TMC) & Connell Mott McDonald
Specialist Consultant(s): Connell Wagner (steel design)
Builder: John Holland Pty Ltd
ITE College West, Singapore
APPLICATION OF PROJECT:
Canopy shade structure: The architectural PTFE membrane canopy provides weather protection for an outdoor events plaza and exterior walkway.
A truly stunning piece of fabric architecture was created with this stunning lightweight membrane roof at ITE College (West) in Singapore. Supported only by a complex cable system and large steel wall plates bolted to 4 different buildings, the 3000m2 PTFE Canopy provides shelter to the Events Plaza and exterior walkways below spanning an incredible 75m span in one direction and 45m in the other.
The project presented many extreme challenges that were overcome through innovative thinking and design. The 3000m2 canopy was hoisted into position from ground level and secured in just 16 hrs using 10 electric chain hoists, in conjunction with a 200T mobile crane.
The completed saddle shaped‐membrane structure adds a beautiful yet practical architectural focal point within the development and exceeded the expectations of both the client and the main contractor.
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